New month which is July has started from today........
Born on 30 November in 1908, in present-day Bangladesh, Buddhadeva Bose though famously known more for his poetry, was also a writer of novels, short stories, essays, etc. His first book of poems titled ‘Bandir Bandana’ was published when he was only 17 years old. He is said to have devoted his whole life to literature. In fact, he is regarded as one of the most influential literary figures of Bengali literature in the 20th century, second only to Rabindranath Tagore. Buddhadeva Bose passed away on 18 March 1974.
19 February marks the birthday of the legendary Maratha warrior king Chhatrapati Shivaji. It is said that in 1964 Shivaji declared himself as an independent ruler of Maharashtra and it was at his coronation ceremony that the title of Chhatrapati was adopted, which symbolically means ‘the protector of people’. His greatness as a ruler is evident from his reign, wherein he embraced all faiths, respected their sentiments, stood for the honour of women, and always put the country before his kingdom. Narratives about his bravery and war strategies are talked about even today. Every year 19 February is celebrated as Shivaji Jayanti to honour one of India’s greatest warriors and progressive leaders. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj passed away on 03 April 1680.
Over 200 years ago Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan was born on 27 December 1797 in the Kala Mahal area of Agra. He wrote under the pen name Ghalib, which interestingly In Urdu means conqueror, victor or dominant. It is said that he wrote his first poem at the age of 11. Ghalib was instrumental in revamping the whole concept of ghazals from expressions of anguish in love to life’s philosophies. His valuable contribution to Urdu poetry and literature is evident even today as his writings and poems still rule the world. On 15 February 1869, he breathed his last in his famous Haveli at Chandni Chowk, Delhi. This 300-year old Haveli also popularly known as Ghalib ki Haveli has been turned into 'Ghalib Memorial'.
Born in the year 1907 at Pratapgarh near Allahabad, Harivansh Rai Bachchan is remembered today for his incredible contribution to Hindi literature. Interestingly, his surname was Srivastava and the name Bachchan was a nickname given to him by his family. Harivansh Rai Bachchan had a major role to play in the evolution of making Hindi the official language of India. He is also one of the famous poets who was a part of the Nayi Kavita literary movement in the early years of the 20th century. Some of his popular poems include Madhushala, Tera Haar, Halahhaal, and Satarangi. In 1976 he was honoured with the Padma Bhushan for his contribution to Hindi literature.
He passed away on 18 Jan 2003 in Mumbai.
Born on 09 September 1850 in Varanasi, Bharatendu Harishchandra was a poet, dramatist, critic and journalist. He is regarded as one of the greatest Hindi writers whose writings were a reflection of the social realities in India. Considered the ‘Father of Modern Hindi Literature and Hindi Theatre’, the title Bharatendu (Moon of India) was given to him by eminent scholars at Kashi. He was well versed in numerous languages like Bengali, Punjabi, Marwari, and Gujarati. He wrote under the pen name Rasa. Bharatendu Harishchandra passed away on 06 January 1885.
The renowned scientist Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar was born on 21 February 1894 in Bhera, Punjab (present-day Pakistan). His interest in science was evident at a very young age when he used to spend all his time building mechanical toys. In the years to follow, he worked relentlessly as a research scientist. Known as the ‘Father of Research laboratories’, he became the first Director-General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. In 1941, he was Knighted for his distinguished work, and the Govt of India conferred him with the Padma Bhushan in 1954. The prestigious award ‘Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) Prize for Science & Technology’ has been instituted in his honour, where young and promising scientists are honoured for their path-breaking work. He passed away on 01 January 1955.
Kamala Das was a renowned Malayalam author and English poet. She was born on 31 March 1934 in Thrissur, Kerala. She took to writing poetry at a very young age due to the influence of her mother and uncle who were writers themselves. She was also known by her popular name Madhavikutty. She wrote on diverse topics ranging from women's issues to child care and even politics. Some of her famous work includes Pakshiyude Manam, Neypayasam, Thanuppu, and Chandana Marangal. In 1973 she published her autobiography in Malayalam originally titled Ente Katha, and then later in 1976 got it translated into English as ‘My Story’. Kamala Das passed away on 31 May 2009.
Government of India has decided to celebrate the 125th Birth Anniversary year of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in a befitting manner at national and international level, beginning from 23rd January 2021.
Lal Bahadur Shastri 2 October 1904 – 11 January 1966) was an Indian statesman who served as the second Prime Minister of India. He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board. Underlining the need to boost India's food production, Shastri also promoted the Green Revolution in India in 1965. This led to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
Gandhi Jayanti is an event celebrated in India to mark the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. It is celebrated annually on 2 October, and is one of the three national holidays of India. The UN General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence. He is also known as the "Father of The Nation" and this title was given to him by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose for his relentless struggles for independence
Republic Day is a public holiday in India, when the country marks and celebrates the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950, replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India and thus, turning the nation into a newly formed republic.